Abstract: This study analyzes the way in which the formation of a democratic memory was attempted within the Romanian society after 1989. For attaining this purpose of analysis, the paper comprises the research of issues related to a ?trial of communism? but also to recognizing Romania?s responsibility in the Holocaust. The author upholds six theses concerning the construction of a democratic memory according to which the problem of assuming the traumatic period 1938-1939 is studied. The author?s main conclusion is that in Romania there were efforts for a democratic memory but it functions in a selective manner.