Adopting the conclusions of the Report elaborated by the Presidential Commission for Analysis of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania, the President of Romania officially condemned the communist regime on 18 December 2006, declaring it to have been illegitimate and criminal.  This condemnation was also pronounced in the spirit of Resolution no. 1481 passed by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on 25 January 2006.

Romaniais the first of the former communist states to have condemned the crimes of the communist regime based on such a report.  We consider that, regardless of any criticisms that might be levelled at the Report, no Romanian of good faith can contest the justness of such a condemnation.  Nonetheless, in spite of the evidence of these crimes, on 18 December 2006 an attempt was made within the very Parliament of Romania itself to impede the condemnation of the crimes of communism.  It should be remembered that, whereas the collapse of communism came about without loss of life in the other Eastern bloc countries, in Romania the overthrow of the communist dictatorship resulted in more than 1,100 dead and over 3,300 wounded.  Among those under legal investigation as responsible for this massacre are public and political figures, some of whom even sit in the Parliament of Romania.

The attempt to impede the official condemnation of the crimes of communism, intervening seventeen years after the official demise of the regime, confirms the fact that the scourge of communism was only partly defeated in December 1989.

Bearing in mind that the current political crisis in Romania erupted immediately after the official condemnation of the crimes of communism, we consider that this crisis represents an attempt to block the natural consequences of the official condemnation.

The condemnation of the crimes of the communist regime can only be complete when the recommendations of the Report become the reality of which Romania is in such dire need.  Parliament has the moral duty to bring about this reality.

To this end, we solicit the following from the Parliament of Romania:

1). The adoption, in the shortest possible time, of all the laws that are demanded by the conclusions of the Report of the Presidential Commission for Analysis of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania ? a report declared an official document of state in Romania.  Urgent publication by the Romanian Parliament of a calendar of the latest dates by which the respective laws will be adopted.  Establishment of priorities in the adoption of these laws by common accord with representatives of civil society and public opinion. 

2). ?Bearing in mind the criminality and illegitimacy of the communist regime, urgent adoption of a law of lustration is imperative? (quoted from the Report, page 636).  It should be borne in mind that such a law encapsulates, in essence, Point 8 of the Timisoara Proclamation.  The Law of Lustration was brought before Parliament as long ago as 1994, and again in 1997, by PNTCD members Constantin Ticu Dumitrescu and George Serban.  Thanks to the initiative of the PNL, the Law of Lustration was passed by the Senate in 2006, but has, for almost a year, remained blocked in the Chamber of Deputies.

3). In accordance with the conclusions of the Report (page 633), we solicit the moral support of Parliament for finalisation of the legal inquiry into the massacre of December 1989 and the killings of June 1990.  Inquiries were begun seventeen years ago by various parliamentary commissions, but their conclusions have been inconclusive.  Legal investigations were not begun until 1999, but were suspended during the Iliescu-PSD government (2000-2004), who thereby blocked discovery of the truth for yet another four years.  Investigations were recommenced in December 2004.  Likewise, we invoke the conclusions of the Report elaborated by the Presidential Commission (page 633) referring to ?the necessity for rigorous, scholarly analysis of the events of December 1989 and subsequent events directly linked to the communist regime, as well as the urgent finalisation of the investigations begun by the legal system.?  In November 2006, Chief Public Prosecutor Dan Voinea stated that the ?June 1990? case file would be finalised within a very short time.  He further specified that the file contains charges against thirty-four political and public figures, who are accused of serious offences, punishable with sentences of between fifteen years and life imprisonment.  According to the statements of Mr Voinea, the number of the accused in the ?December 1989? case will be substantially higher.  We consider that those Members of Parliament who are under legal investigation in these cases should step down until such time as they may be proven innocent. 

4). In accordance with the conclusions of the Report (page 633), we solicit the moral support of Parliament for the commencement of legal inquiries into the following events: repression of the workers? revolts in the Jiu Valley (1977) and Brashov (1987), and the events of March 1990 in Targu-Mures (we mention that an inquiry was begun by a parliamentary commission in 1990).  Likewise, it is necessary to reopen the cases of the ?miners? rampages? of 1991 and 1999.  In accordance with the conclusions of the Report, ?these were typical communist diversions and manifestations?.

We should underline the fact that a legal investigation of the events mentioned in this Appeal was demanded by the most prestigious non-governmental civic organisation as part of the Appeal for Romania of 14 June 2005, an appeal addressed to the principal authorities of the state, including Parliament.

5). We solicit that the parliamentary parties that have up to now rejected the official condemnation of 18 December 2006 should reconsider their position and unequivocally support the condemnation of the crimes of the communist regime.  ?To deny the crimes of communism is just as unacceptable as to deny those of fascism? (quotation from the Report, page 636).  We regard it as appalling that some members of parliament should defend, implicitly or explicitly, a regime that was guilty of imprescriptible crimes against humanity. 

Bearing in mind that the European Union has need of a Romania healed of all traces of the crimes of the communist dictatorship, we solicit the moral support of the European Parliament for the resolution of our demands.

11 March 2007, Romania, Bucharest