Food has not been a major theme in scholarship on Bulgarian political culture and nationalism. That is why the paper is a an attempt to go beyond the history of food and to investigate its appropriation in political debates and the construction of national ideology and identity discourse. In this regard, I will concentrate on the images of internal political adversary and the Balkan neighbor as a part of functioning of modern Bulgarian national identity in the period from 1830s until 1912. It was part of ongoing process of classification in political discourse on social and national lines based on cuisine as well. That is why the paper will try to make an all-embracing view of society. Moreover, the topic is not as narrow as it might appear since cooking have a lot to do with ?the serious? things in life.