Abstract: In the context of the legitimating difficulties faced by some political groups in Central and Eastern Europe, there appeared the trend of ?neutralization of the memory? of the Holocaust expressed in the search of some historical parallels or equivalences. Ernst Nolte?s historiography, which had been seriously questioned by the German historians, was now taken as a reference in these countries by people from literary circles. In this article I focus on the signification of the term and my line of argument is based on the Historikerstreit, which took place at the end of the 80? in Germany.