Abstract: In the communist Eastern half of Europe we encounter a circular reasoning, meant to de-victimize Jews, to find ?compensations? to the tragedy of the Holocaust: ?you might have suffered during Antonescu but you took your revenge after the Russians? coming; as one would say, we?re even...?. The de-victimization was a rhetorical procedure by which certainty was mixed to supposition, with the aim to inter-change the parts played in the reality and transform the persecutor into a victim of the persecuted. One of the constant reasons of the de-victimizing discourse was that Jews themselves seemed to provoke anti-semitic feelings, through their behavior in the society. As a consequence, the day of August 23 1944, when Antonescu was overthrown, did nothing but replace state anti-semitism with a more hidden one: social, electoral, compensatory. We can talk about this on two levels: a) the Romanian society, frustrated by the Soviet invasion and the clear end of the between-wars period; b) the manipulation of the anti-semitic discourse in the image strategies of the political parties.