Abstract: The relationship between historical writing and politics is very controversial in Romania, after all the dictatorships of XXth century. Still, the oficial opening of the debate concerning Shoah and Gulag is due to presidential initiatives. Even if Romania?s leadership created these oportunities for clarifying two of the sharpest moments of the past under a certain public presure, this is nevertheless a good example about how a reliable cooperation between officials and researchers is possible and usefull for everybody. Despite the fact that the two reports were written under two different presidents of Romania, each representing another political wing, they are similar in many respects and restore the historical truth hidden by inherited strong taboos.