Abstract: Not only the forgetting excess is harmful, but also the excess of remembrance. Both excesses turn us in nonhuman beings, in kafkian beetles. For fear of forgetting, we raise commemorative monuments. Inadequately managed, they risk becoming places of forgetting.  About memory and forgetting, about Holocaust and Gulag I talked, in July 2006, to the students at the summer school in Sighet. This town has the tragic privilege of being a double capital: of the Holocaust and of the Gulag in Romania. The presence in Sighet of the Memorial House of Elie Wiesel and of the Memorial of the Victims of the Communism and Resistance strengthen this unique status.